Background Color on Perceived Attractiveness (#249)

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How to Cite this Report

APA Style

Allessandra K. Buzad, Kimberly Bravo, Amanda M. Del Vecchio, Nicholas A. Kuryluk, Theresa F. Mazzuca, Bryan R. Burnham. Background Color on Perceived Attractiveness. (2016, May 10). Retrieved 19:36, October 22, 2017 from http://www.PsychFileDrawer.org/replication.php?attempt=MjQ5

MLA Style

"Background Color on Perceived Attractiveness" Allessandra K. Buzad, Kimberly Bravo, Amanda M. Del Vecchio, Nicholas A. Kuryluk, Theresa F. Mazzuca, Bryan R. Burnham. 10 May 2016 12:51 22 Oct 2017, 19:36 <http://www.PsychFileDrawer.org/replication.php?attempt=MjQ5>

MHRA Style

'Background Color on Perceived Attractiveness', Allessandra K. Buzad, Kimberly Bravo, Amanda M. Del Vecchio, Nicholas A. Kuryluk, Theresa F. Mazzuca, Bryan R. Burnham, , 10 May 2016 12:51 <http://www.PsychFileDrawer.org/replication.php?attempt=MjQ5> [accessed 22 October 2017]

Chicago Style

"Background Color on Perceived Attractiveness", Allessandra K. Buzad, Kimberly Bravo, Amanda M. Del Vecchio, Nicholas A. Kuryluk, Theresa F. Mazzuca, Bryan R. Burnham, , http://www.PsychFileDrawer.org/replication.php?attempt=MjQ5 (accessed October 22, 2017)

CBE/CSE Style

Background Color on Perceived Attractiveness [Internet]. Allessandra K. Buzad, Kimberly Bravo, Amanda M. Del Vecchio, Nicholas A. Kuryluk, Theresa F. Mazzuca, Bryan R. Burnham; 2016 May 10, 12:51 [cited 2017 Oct 22]. Available from: http://www.PsychFileDrawer.org/replication.php?attempt=MjQ5

Reference to Original Report of Finding Elliot, Andrew J., & Niesta, Daniela. (2008) Romantic Red: Red Enhances Men’s Attraction to Women. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 1150-1164
Title Background Color on Perceived Attractiveness
If the original article contained multiple experiments, which one did you attempt to replicate? e.g., you might respond 'Study 1' or 'Experiment 4'. Experiment 1
Link to PDF of Original Report
Brief Statement of Original Result The subjects were shown a black and white photo of a woman on a red or a white background. Elliot and Niesta (2008) found that men perceived the woman more attractive when presented on the red background than the white background.
Type of Replication Attempted Highly Direct Replication
Result Type Successful Replication
Difference? Same Direction, .001
Number of Subjects 44
Number of Subjects in Original Study 27
Year in which Replication Attempt was Made 2016
Name of Investigators (Real Names Required) Allessandra K. Buzad, Kimberly Bravo, Amanda M. Del Vecchio, Nicholas A. Kuryluk, Theresa F. Mazzuca, Bryan R. Burnham
Detailed Description of Method/Results A power analysis based on the effect size of the original experiment (d = 1.22) indicated we would need at least n = 24 subjects to detect an effect of that size with Power (1-β) = .80 and α = .05

Male subjects participated in a brief survey. The subjects ranged in age from 18 to 23 years (M = 19.86, SD = 1.19).

Each subject was randomly assigned to a red photo background group (n = 22) or a white photo background group (n = 22). A manila folders, that was handed to each subject, contained a black and white photograph of a woman’s head and upper torso with a neutral expression on her face. The photo was centered on a red background or on a white background. A brief survey asked the subjects their age and to rate the woman’s attractiveness on a scale ranging from 1 (extremely unattractive) to 9 (extremely attractive).

The experimenters approached every ninth male who entered The DeNaples Center at The University of Scranton and asked them whether they would be willing to participate in a one-minute survey. The subjects were randomly assigned by the experimenters to the red background group or the white background group.

An independent groups t-test was used to examine whether the woman in the photo was perceived as more attractive with the red background compared to the white background. It was found that the subjects in the white background group (M = 6.32, SD = 0.78) provided lower attractiveness ratings than those in the red background group (M = 7.23, SD = 0.75). The difference between the two groups was statistically significant, t(42) = -3.937, SE = .223, p <.001, d = 1.22.
Any Known Methodological Differences
(between original and present study)?
We had more subjects in our study than the original study by Elliot and Niesta (2008). Our replication study also took place in a public location on a college campus, whereas the original study was conducted in a closed environment.
Email of Investigator
Name of individuals who
actually carried out the project
Allessandra K. Buzad, Kimberly Bravo, Amanda M. Del Vecchio, Nicholas A. Kuryluk, Theresa F. Mazzuca
Location of ProjectThe DeNaples Center, The University of Scranton
Characteristics of Subjects
(subject pool, paid, etc.)
Other
Male college students from around campus
Where did these subjects reside?United States
Was this a Class Project?No
Further Details of Results as pdf
Additional Comments
Email of Original Investigator
Quantitive Information
I have complied with ethical standards for experimentation on human beings and, if necessary, have obtained appropriate permission from an Institutional Review Board or other oversight group.
TAG: Attention TAG: JDM TAG: Language TAG: Learning TAG: Memory TAG: Perception TAG: Performance TAG: Problem Solving TAG: Social Cognition TAG: Social Psychology TAG: Thinking

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