Drink temp affects perceptions of social proximity (#219)

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How to Cite this Report

APA Style

Alcat, C., Febvre, I., Kitrick, E., Villanueva, A., & Holmes, K. J.. Drink temp affects perceptions of social proximity. (2015, April 30). Retrieved 10:32, June 25, 2017 from http://www.PsychFileDrawer.org/replication.php?attempt=MjE5

MLA Style

"Drink temp affects perceptions of social proximity" Alcat, C., Febvre, I., Kitrick, E., Villanueva, A., & Holmes, K. J.. 30 Apr 2015 15:31 25 Jun 2017, 10:32 <http://www.PsychFileDrawer.org/replication.php?attempt=MjE5>

MHRA Style

'Drink temp affects perceptions of social proximity', Alcat, C., Febvre, I., Kitrick, E., Villanueva, A., & Holmes, K. J., , 30 April 2015 15:31 <http://www.PsychFileDrawer.org/replication.php?attempt=MjE5> [accessed 25 June 2017]

Chicago Style

"Drink temp affects perceptions of social proximity", Alcat, C., Febvre, I., Kitrick, E., Villanueva, A., & Holmes, K. J., , http://www.PsychFileDrawer.org/replication.php?attempt=MjE5 (accessed June 25, 2017)

CBE/CSE Style

Drink temp affects perceptions of social proximity [Internet]. Alcat, C., Febvre, I., Kitrick, E., Villanueva, A., & Holmes, K. J.; 2015 Apr 30, 15:31 [cited 2017 Jun 25]. Available from: http://www.PsychFileDrawer.org/replication.php?attempt=MjE5

Reference to Original Report of Finding IJzerman, H. & Semin, G. R. (2009). The thermometer of social relations: Mapping social proximity on temperature. Psychological Science, (20), 1214-1220.
Title Drink temp affects perceptions of social proximity
If the original article contained multiple experiments, which one did you attempt to replicate? e.g., you might respond 'Study 1' or 'Experiment 4'. Experiment 1
Link to PDF of Original ReportView Article
Brief Statement of Original Result Participants who held warm beverages rated their social proximity to another person higher than did participants who held cold beverages.
Type of Replication Attempted Highly Direct Replication
Result Type Failure to Replicate
Difference? Opposite Direction, .33
Number of Subjects 83
Number of Subjects in Original Study 33
Year in which Replication Attempt was Made 2014
Name of Investigators (Real Names Required) Alcat, C., Febvre, I., Kitrick, E., Villanueva, A., & Holmes, K. J.
Detailed Description of Method/Results The present study was conducted in Colorado College’s main student center. The experimenter approached students as they entered the center. Participants were led to a nearby table with a laptop and were asked to temporarily hold either a warm or cold beverage while the experimenter ostensibly prepared a demographic survey on the laptop. The rest of the experiment proceeded in the same manner as in IJzerman and Semin’s (2009, p. 1215) study:

After participants filled out an unrelated questionnaire, they were asked to select a person they knew and then rated themselves and that person on the Inclusion of Other in Self (IOS) scale (Aron, Aron, & Smollan, 1992). We used a 7-point version of this scale, with two circles at each point indicating a perceived degree of overlap between self and other. The greater the overlap between the circles (and the higher the score), the greater the inclusion, and thus the higher the social proximity. After the experiment, participants were thanked and debriefed via an orally administered, funneled debriefing.

Contrary to the findings of IJzerman and Semin (2009), there was no significant difference in perceived overlap between the warm beverage group (M = 4.07, SD = 1.50) and the cold beverage group (M = 4.65, SD = 1.61), t(81) = -1.70, p = .09. However, a number of participants (n = 21) reported suspicion that the beverage they were asked to hold was somehow relevant to the experiment. When these participants’ responses were excluded, the difference between the two conditions remained non-significant, t(60) = -.98, p = .33. Indeed, this difference (0.37; warm beverage group: M = 4.00, SD = 1.44; cold beverage group: M = 4.37, SD = 1.50) was descriptively smaller than that of the full sample (0.58). For both the full sample and the trimmed sample, the mean perceived overlap ratings in the two conditions were in the opposite direction of the original effect.

Any Known Methodological Differences
(between original and present study)?
IJzerman and Semin’s (2009) study took place in a laboratory and participants were recruited in advance. The present study was conducted in Colorado College’s main student center, and participants were recruited on site. Also, the present study was conducted when outside temperatures were at or below freezing, and yielded overall mean ratings (entire sample: M = 4.30; non-suspecting participants only: M = 4.18) that were descriptively lower than those of IJzerman and Semin (M = 4.64). This observation is consistent with IJzerman and Semin’s Experiment 3, in which colder ambient temperatures yielded lower relational perspective scores than did warmer ones. In the present study, it is possible that the effect of ambient temperature on perceived social proximity masked any effect of beverage temperature.
Email of Investigator
Name of individuals who
actually carried out the project
Colorado College Psychology students
Location of ProjectColorado College, Colorado Springs
Characteristics of Subjects
(subject pool, paid, etc.)
University students from subject pool
Colorado College undergraduates participated in exchange for entry into a raffle for a $20 gift certificate.
Where did these subjects reside?United States
Was this a Class Project?Yes
Further Details of Results as pdf
Additional Comments
Email of Original Investigator
Quantitive Information
I have complied with ethical standards for experimentation on human beings and, if necessary, have obtained appropriate permission from an Institutional Review Board or other oversight group.
TAG: Attention TAG: JDM TAG: Language TAG: Learning TAG: Memory TAG: Perception TAG: Performance TAG: Problem Solving TAG: Social Cognition TAG: Social Psychology TAG: Thinking

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