Showering and Loneliness Take 10 (#186)

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APA Style

M. Brent Donnellan & Richard E. Lucas. Showering and Loneliness Take 10. (2014, April 29). Retrieved 23:54, January 17, 2018 from

MLA Style

"Showering and Loneliness Take 10" M. Brent Donnellan & Richard E. Lucas. 29 Apr 2014 09:43 17 Jan 2018, 23:54 <>

MHRA Style

'Showering and Loneliness Take 10', M. Brent Donnellan & Richard E. Lucas, , 29 April 2014 09:43 <> [accessed 17 January 2018]

Chicago Style

"Showering and Loneliness Take 10", M. Brent Donnellan & Richard E. Lucas, , (accessed January 17, 2018)


Showering and Loneliness Take 10 [Internet]. M. Brent Donnellan & Richard E. Lucas; 2014 Apr 29, 09:43 [cited 2018 Jan 17]. Available from:

Reference to Original Report of Finding Bargh, J. A., & Shalev, I. (2012). The substitutability of physical and social warmth in daily life. Emotion, 12, 154-162.
Title Showering and Loneliness Take 10
If the original article contained multiple experiments, which one did you attempt to replicate? e.g., you might respond 'Study 1' or 'Experiment 4'. Study 1a
Link to PDF of Original ReportView Article
Brief Statement of Original Result The authors predicted that trait loneliness would be positively associated with warmer showers and baths. They tested this prediction with a correlational study (N = 51 college students). Three showering/bathing items were averaged to form a composite measure labeled “Physical Warmth Extraction.” The composite was correlated with Loneliness (r=.57, p<.05). The correlation for the item about warm water temperatures was not reliably different from zero using p<.05(r=.26, p=.07).
Type of Replication Attempted Highly Direct Replication
Result Type Failure to Replicate
Difference? Not Applicable
Number of Subjects 531
Number of Subjects in Original Study 51
Year in which Replication Attempt was Made 2014
Name of Investigators (Real Names Required) M. Brent Donnellan & Richard E. Lucas
Detailed Description of Method/Results We identified a subset of participants who passed items designed to detect careless responding and focused on them for the main analyses. Participants were 531 college students who received course credit (69.4% women; 91.2% between the ages of 17 and 21 and only 0.8% were 25 or older). Recruitment occurred between April 9, 2014 and April 25, 2014. Measures were the same as used in Donnellan, Lucas, & Cesario (in press) as taken from Bargh and Shalev (2012). Participants completed relevant items embedded within a larger survey. Data were collected over the internet using the same survey software used for Studies 5 to 9 in Donnellan et al. (in press).

There was no evidence for an association between the Bargh and Shalev Loneliness scale (M = 2.12; SD = .62, alpha = .90) and the Physical Warmth Index (r = .04, p = .384, n = 531; 95% CI = -.05 to .13). The hypothesis relevant correlation between the water temperature item and the loneliness scale was not statistically distinguishable from zero (r =.003, p = .942, n = 531, 95% CI = -.08 to .08). However, there was a statistically reliable correlation between duration and loneliness (r = .13, p = .004, n = 531, 95% CI = .04 to .21). These same results were obtained when correlations were computed using all participants with relevant data.

The distributions of the showering/bathing items were generally consistent with those reported in Donnellan et al. (in press) and inconsistent with the distribution obtained by Bargh and Shalev (2012) for their Study 1a (see again Donnellan et al., in press). The modal response was that students reported taking about 1 shower/bath per day (64.7%).

These results further call into question the strength of the correlation between water temperature and trait loneliness and generally replicate the results reported in Donnellan et al. (in press).

Any Known Methodological Differences
(between original and present study)?
Samples are from different universities. We used the internet to collect the survey data whereas the original study recruited participants outside of dining halls.
Email of Investigator
Name of individuals who
actually carried out the project
M. Brent Donnellan
Location of ProjectMichigan State University Spring 2014
Characteristics of Subjects
(subject pool, paid, etc.)
University students from subject pool
Where did these subjects reside?United States
Was this a Class Project?No
Further Details of Results as pdf PDF

Additional Comments
Email of Original Investigator
Quantitive Information Composite original: r = .57 (95% CI: .35 to .73). Our replication: r =.04 (95% CI = -.05 to .13). There was not even overlap in the CIs.
I have complied with ethical standards for experimentation on human beings and, if necessary, have obtained appropriate permission from an Institutional Review Board or other oversight group.
TAG: Attention TAG: JDM TAG: Language TAG: Learning TAG: Memory TAG: Perception TAG: Performance TAG: Problem Solving TAG: Social Cognition TAG: Social Psychology TAG: Thinking

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