Response Times in Sexualized Body Inversion (#171)
How to Cite this Report
How to Cite this Report
|Reference to Original Report of Finding||Bernard, P., Gervais, J., Allen, J., & Klein, O. (2013). Perceptual determinants are critical, but they don't explain everything: A response to Tarr (2013). Psychological Science, 24, 1071-1073.|
|Title||Response Times in Sexualized Body Inversion|
|If the original article contained multiple experiments, which one did you attempt to replicate? e.g., you might respond 'Study 1' or 'Experiment 4'.|
|Link to PDF of Original Report|
|Brief Statement of Original Result||In a recognition task, inverting sexualized images of male targets produces longer response times than upright sexualized male targets. The difference is less pronounced when inverting sexualized female targets.|
|Type of Replication Attempted||Highly Direct Replication|
|Result Type||Successful Replication|
|Number of Subjects||102|
|Number of Subjects in Original Study||78|
|Year in which Replication Attempt was Made||2013|
|Name of Investigators (Real Names Required)||Bogdan Kostic|
|Detailed Description of Method/Results||
Participants viewed 24 images of sexualized males and 24 images of sexualized females. Half of each were presented in an upright position, and half were inverted. (Stimuli were not counterbalanced across upright/inversion condition, in accordance with the original study's methods.) Participants were then asked to indicate which of two L-R mirror images had appeared earlier.|
The study used a 2 (Position: Upright vs. Inverted) x 2 (Target Sex: Male vs. Female) x 2 (Participant Sex: Male vs. Female) design, in which the Position and Target Sex were manipulated within subjects while Participant Sex was treated as a between-subjects factor. The main dependent variable being analyzed is response time for correct responses.
The original results reported that inverted bodies would produce longer response times than upright bodies, and the current study replicated this effect, F(1,100)=9.82, p=.002, partial eta squared=.089. The original results also reported a marginally significant interaction between Position and Target Sex (p=.096, partial eta squared=.036), while the current study found a fully significant interaction, F(1,100)=16.40, p<.001, partial eta squared=.141. However, the current study confirmed the main point of the original analyses, in that response times for inverted female targets were not longer than response times for inverted male targets. In fact, the difference was significant in the opposite direction, t(101)=3.18, p=.002, which further supports the conclusions of the original study.
As in the original study, the current study also did not find any differences across target sex or participant sex (p's>.50).
The averages and standard deviations for response times for correct responses in each condition are listed below:
Male upright: 1655.82 (641.83)
Male inverted: 1927.51 (577.22)
Female upright: 1755.35 (783.74)
Female inverted: 1765.14 (579.43)
See the attached figure. Error bars represent standard error.
|Any Known Methodological Differences |
(between original and present study)?
|Email of Investigator|
|Name of individuals who |
actually carried out the project
|Location of Project||Hill Hall 425, Missouri State University, Springfield, MO, USA|
|Characteristics of Subjects |
(subject pool, paid, etc.)
|University students from subject pool|
Students were enrolled in an Experimental Psychology (Research Methods) course and participated as part of a lab activity that was led by the instructor.
|Where did these subjects reside?||United States|
|Was this a Class Project?||Yes|
|Further Details of Results as pdf|
|Email of Original Investigator|
|I have complied with ethical standards for experimentation on human beings and, if necessary, have obtained appropriate permission from an Institutional Review Board or other oversight group.|
|TAG: Attention TAG: JDM TAG: Language TAG: Learning TAG: Memory TAG: Perception TAG: Performance TAG: Problem Solving TAG: Social Cognition TAG: Social Psychology TAG: Thinking|